What is permaculture?
Permaculture is a design school that aims at implementing permanent systems that allow a balanced life for all beings on the planet. The term was first coined in the 1970s by Bill Mollison and David Holmgren and is derived from the word “permanent agriculture”.
The origin of permaculture is based in agriculture but is now extended to all system within we life, such as cities, neighborhoods, houses or even businesses. Techniques include for example, ecological gardens, natural buildings, water harvesting & recycling, renewable energy use, agroforestry and many more. Crucial to all techniques is though that they are applied in an integrated and holistic approach, making use of diversity and multi-functionality of all elements included in a design.
The principles of permaculture are applicable to a wide range of areas of our daily life and thus become important guidelines for sustainable lifestyles.
1. Observe and Interact
2. Catch and Store Energy
3. Obtain a yield
4. Apply Self-Regulation and accept feedback
5. Use & value renewable resources & services
6. Produce no waste
7. Design from patterns to details
8. Integrate rather than segregate
9. Use small and slow solutions
10. Use and value diversity
11. Use edges & value the marginal
12. Creatively use and respond to change